Which type of network uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) as an access method?

Last Updated on August 7, 2021 by Admin 3

Which type of network uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) as an access method?

  • Token Ring
  • LocalTalk
  • 100VG-AnyLan
  • Ethernet
Explanation:
Ethernet networks use CSMA/CD as an access method. In CSMA/CD, if a device wants to send a frame in the network, it first determines if the network is free. If the network is not free, the node will wait before sending the frame into a network. If the network is free, it sends the frame; if another device sends a frame simultaneously then their signals or frames collide. When the collision is detected, both packets wait for a random time before retrying.

The following statements are true regarding CSMA/CD:
– CSMA/CD is required for shared collision domains, such as when hosts are connected via hubs. (Hubs are Layer 1 devices, and thus do not create collision domains.)
– CSMA/CD networks normally operate in half-duplex mode, since in a shared collision domain, a host cannot send and receive data at the same time.
– CSMA/CD is not required when connected to non-shared (private) collision domains, such as when hosts are connected to dedicated switch ports.
– Switches create dedicated collision domains, so devices can operate in full-duplex mode.

Token Ring is incorrect because Token Ring uses token passing as the access method.

LocalTalk is incorrect because LocalTalk uses CSMA/CA (Collision Avoidance) as the access method.

100VG-AnyLan is incorrect because 100VG-AnyLan uses demand priority as the access method.

Objective:
LAN Switching Fundamentals
Sub-Objective:
Interpret Ethernet frame format

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